The Charterhouse in Clerkenwell is opening to the public for the first time in its 660 year history on 27 January 2017. It has been a religious site, a grand Tudor mansion, a school and, as it has remained for over 400 years, an almshouse.
Partnering with the Museum of London, The Charterhouse has created a new museum within the Tudor mansion, as well as an exhibition space to tell the its story and its role in key moments in English history.
On display will be artefacts from its own collection together with others from the Museum of London and other collections.
The museum will be accessed through Charterhouse Square, the site of a medieval plague pit. The square has been re-designed, inspired by its 18th century layout, by Historic Royal Palace’s Gardens Adviser.
In 1371 the Charterhouse was built as a Carthusian monastery. During the English Reformation, in 1535, the monks refused to conform and the monastery was passed to the Crown. Subsequently it was granted to Lord North, who constructed a fine Tudor mansion which was later sold to the fourth Duke of Norfolk. On 23 November 1558 (the day of her accession to the throne, Elizabeth I arrived at Charterhouse from Hatfield House). James I followed her lead by staying at the Charterhouse prior to his coronation.
In 1611 Thomas Sutton, a wealthy businessman, bought the Charterhouse and established the foundation that now bears his name providing a home for up to 80 Brothers: ‘either decrepit or old captaynes either at sea or at land, maimed or disabled soldiers, merchants fallen on hard times, those ruined by shipwreck of other calamity’ and for 40 poor scholars (which became Charterhouse School). John Wesley, founder of the Methodist Church, was a pupil at the school in Charterhouse as was William Makepeace Thackeray, in the early nineteenth century. The Charterhouse is now home to over 40 Brothers.
Since James I became one of the first Governors of the Charity, the Charterhouse has always enjoyed Royal Governors, except during the Interregnum when Governors who were unwilling to support the parliamentary cause were replaced (and Cromwell himself was appointed to the governing body). Today Her Majesty the Queen, His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh and His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales are all Royal Governors.
For a preview here are some photos from a 2013 tour.
You can find out more about Smithfield and the surrounding area in this Museum of London video.
Address: Charterhouse, Sutton’s Hospital, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6AN
Official Website: www.thecharterhouse.org